The Ecuadorian Amazon is a land with a rich historical background that encompass the fusion of two different and interesting worlds. Before pre-Columbian times, this kaleidoscopic area gave birth to thousands of people that speak nature’s language. The wisdom and vastness of these ancient communities is reflected on their rejection to over consumption habits and destructive lifestyle.
Ethnic groups represent the 25% of total population. Nowadays there are at least 12 recognized tribes all around the Ecuadorian Amazon territory. All groups consist of a small yet complex cultures and features that may vary from one location to another:
Achuar: Located in the Pastaza provinces and Morona Santiago. Its official language comes from the Achuar language Jivaroana. It’s most important economic activities are: agriculture, hunting, fishing and gathering fruit.
Andoas: The last ethnic discovered and recognized in Pastaza.
Cofan: Its official languages are Spanish and A'inagae. Its main activities include hunting and fishing, which complement the cultivation of coffee and cotton and making crafts.
Kichwas: This ethnic group is divided into two communities: The Quichua Napo and Putumayo. They speak ‘Quichua Bajo’ and ‘Quichua Alto’.
Secoya: Located near the Cuyabeno territories. Its official languages are Spanish and Paicoca. Their economic activities include hunting, fishing and agriculture.
Shiwiar: The term "Shiwiar" is means "hunter". They live in the upper basin of Rio Corrientes and Tigre River basin.
Shuar: This community is located in the provinces of Zamora Chinchipe and Morona Santiago. Its official language is Shuar chicham. Its main economic activities are horticulture and handicraft production.
Siona: This ethnic group is located in Sucumbios, northeastern Ecuador. It belongs to the linguistic family tukano and its official language is Paicoca and Spanish.
Tagaeri: A clan of Huaorani people living in the Yasuni National Park in the Ecuadorian Amazon Basin, who continue to live the nomadic lifestyle.
Waorani: Known for his skill in hunting and war. They have decided to isolate themselves to stay out of all manifestations of western culture. They are localized between Napo River and Cuararay. Its official language is Terero Wao.
• Zápara: This community consists of 24 people approximately. They are located on the banks of rivers Conambo, Pindoyacu, and Curaray. Its official language is Zapara which is disappearing gradually.
Adorned by leaves or feathers and jewelry made of teeth, you may find these self-sufficient tribes to manage their lives in the most natural ways. Since health issues are treated by the spiritual healing of Shaman’ rituals and food that is provided in all forms by nature. They have happily lived and sustained and supported their families for centuries. When it comes to clothes, they may range from light to none. However, some of them dress western-style clothing when exposed to civilization.
Advantage Travel proudly acknowledges the vital role of indigenous people in the Amazon. Besides all of the attractiveness found in our luxury cruises provide a chance to meet these ancestral and transcendental cultures.